APA Web Site Citation
Web sites do not include subscription databases
- Examples are not double-spaced, but your References list should be double-spaced
- Examples do not show indented lines after the first line, but yours should be indented
- Omit any information not found (author, organizational sponsor, date published or updated, etc.).
There are three elements absolutely necessary for an web site citation:
- Name (or title) of site
- Date of retrieval if web site is not Authoritative
- URL of Homepage (Internet address) (If hard to find like on a government website, complete URL can be used)
Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Date of Publication or Update). Title of work. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from URL from Homepage
Basements and crawl spaces. (2002, June 23). Retrieved from http://www.hud.gov/ offices/hsg/sfh/ref/sfhp1-25.cfm
Build smarter with alternative materials. (n.d.). Retrieved June 15, 2002, from http://www.build-smarter.com/
Clemens, S. L. (n.d.). Roughing it. Retrieved from http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-in/query/r?ammem/calbkbib:@field(TITLE+@band(Roughing+it.+))
E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. (2002). DuPont Tyvek®. Retrieved June 15, 2002, from http://www.tyvek.com/
Hacken, R. (n.d.). Home page. Retrieved January 23, 2002, from http://www.lib.byu.edu/estu/
7-step home construction plan. (n.d.). Retrieved June 15, 2002, from http/www.plansforme.com/ownmyhome/home_building/index.html
Seville, C. (2001, January 25). Finish materials in design/build. Retrieved from http://www.housingzone.com/topics/hz/cmaterials/hz01aa604.asp
Study skills self-help information. (n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2001, from http://www.ucc.vt.edu/stdysk/stdyhlp.html
Willett, P., ed. (1997, April). Victorian women writers project. Retrieved from http://www.indiana.edu/~letrs/vwwp/nesbit/ballsoc.html
In-text references should immediately follow the title, word, or phrase to which they are directly relevant, rather than appearing at the end of long clauses or sentences. In-text references should always precede punctuation marks. Below are examples of using in-text citation.
Author's name in parentheses:
One study found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic (Gass & Varonis, 1984).
Author's name part of narrative:
Gass and Varonis (1984) found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic.
Group as author:
First citation: (American Psychological Association [APA], 2015)
Subsequent citation: (APA, 2015)
Multiple works: (separate each work with semi-colons)
Research shows that listening to a particular accent improves comprehension of accented speech in general (Gass & Varonis, 1984; Krech Thomas, 2004).
Direct quote: (include page number)
One study found that “the listener's familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (Gass & Varonis, 1984, p. 85).
Gass and Varonis (1984) found that “the listener’s familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (p. 85).
Note: For direct quotations of more than 40 words, display the quote as an indented block of text without quotation marks and include the authors’ names, year, and page number in parentheses at the end of the quote. For example:
This suggests that familiarity with nonnative speech in general, although it is clearly not as important a variable as topic familiarity, may indeed have some effect. That is, prior experience with nonnative speech, such as that gained by listening to the reading, facilitates comprehension. (Gass & Varonis, 1984, p. 77)